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Inicio > Accidents in the first year of life

Accidents in the first year of life

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Do not happen due to fatality, accidents can be avoided

 

Why can a baby crash?

  • By the risk conditions of the environment that surrounds it.
  • For the carelessness or absence of adults.
  • Because he is helpless and can not take care of himself or protect himself.

 

What are the most common accidents?

  • Accidents of transit and of transport.
  • Falls.
  • Burns and electrocution.
  • Choking, drowning and choking.
  • Poisoning.
  • Wounds.

 

More than half of accidents occur in your own home

  • In general the houses are not designed or built with children’s needs and care in mind.
  • It is a priority to organize and adapt them, as much as possible, to create safe environments and to avoid exposure to risks.
  • Do not underestimate the risks
  • Think of your baby as having an accident.
  • Take all necessary precautions to avoid them.
  • Taking care of your baby from suffocation, drowning and choking A small baby should be fed in the arms of his mother or another adult When you eat, do not leave him alone. Do not offer candies or pieces of food to “keep you entertained.”
  • Do not put food in your mouth when you cry or are excited.
  • Avoid playing with small objects, 5 cm or more (buttons, peanuts, balls, coins, small batteries, toys with small disassembling parts).
  • Avoid playing with nylon bags.
  • Do not “decorate” it with chains, bracelets, medals, beads, buckles.
  • Put him to sleep always on his back, on a firm mattress or surface and with his head bare.
  • Hanging toys should not have strings exceeding 22 cm.
  • You should not leave it alone when you bathe for a second, you can drown with only 10 cm of water.
  • Never let it play on the banks of ponds, streams, puddles, ditches or irrigation canals.
  • Swimming pools should be fenced with a fencing of more than 1.30 meters in height.

 

Caring for your baby from traffic and transport accidents

  • In the car must travel in the back and subject in safety seats, should not be carried in the arms.
  • It is very risky to transport it on bicycles, motorcycles, boxes of trucks or trucks, uncovered vehicles or on animals.
  • If you sail, comply strictly with all safety regulations and you should always wear the life jacket.
  • Respect and enforce pedestrian traffic rules, in your vehicle and on public transport.
  • Wait with your baby on the cord for the signal of the traffic light.
  • Do not put the stroller in traffic, take it to your side.

 

Taking care of your baby from falls

  • Walk slowly and carefully with your baby in your arms and avoid doing so in very irregular places or with many obstacles.
  • Never leave him alone in a high place (table, table, bed, stroller, chairs, armchairs, stretcher), neither sleeping nor awake, nor in a bebesit.
  • Stairs: Place protective gates.
  • Windows and Balconies: Place protections, prevent them from coming in, place the crib away from them.
  • Do not allow them to be raised by other children or siblings, in the absence of an older person.
  • The cribs should be stable and the height of the bars greater than 60 cm
  • Do not use walkers.
  • Floors should not be slippery (keep them dry and do not use waxes).
  • A blanket on the floor, or just a clean floor, is the safest place.

 

Taking care of your baby from burns and electrocution

  • Do not cook or start a fire with your baby in or near your arms.
  • Do not carry or handle hot items with your baby in your arms or over your body.
  • Cook in the back burners and orient the handles inwards.
  • Use heat shields (stoves, ovens) and keep them away.
  • Do not leave the oven door open to “warm up the room”.
  • Keep irons and lamps out of reach of your baby.
  • It leaves no matches or lighters within reach.
  • Do not leave lighted candles if you leave the room or the house. If you use them, locate them in places unattainable for your baby and make sure they do not fall, they can quickly cause a fire.
  • Avoid using tablecloths from which you can toss and pour fluids and hot foods.
  • Test the water temperature with your elbow before bathing.
  • If you heat your food in the microwave, mix well and try it before you
  • Do not smoke near the baby.
  • Keep away from any pyrotechnic element and the place where it is being used.
  • Periodically check the electrical installation and the correct operation of plugs and electrical appliances. If it detects faults repair them right away.
  • Install current breaker.
  • Plug out the power outlets.
  • Do not use electrical appliances with your baby in your arms.
  • Do not leave strands plugged into the floor or within reach of your baby.
  • Comply with all safety standards in gas and light installations.
  • Do not expose it to the sun without clothing or protection.

 

Taking care of your baby from poisoning

  • Do not self-medicate, give medicines on your own without the advice of your pediatrician, or offer you tea from weeds or other “medicines” at home.
  • Keep out of reach toxic products: medicines, poisons, cleaning products, solvents, paints, cosmetics, tinctures, industrial products); Keep them in safe and well labeled places. Do not substitute your original containers for others of daily use or drinks and food.
  • Do not offer him empty boxes of remedies for him to play.
  • Do not apply poisons or toxic substances to places where you are or play.
  • If you use these substances, do so with protective gloves and do not touch or prepare your food before a thorough washing of your hands.
  • Find out about the possible toxicity of products and materials that you can use in the repair or construction of your home.
  • Do not wear clothing that fades, prefer light or white.
  • Do not apply perfumes, lotions, powders or other cosmetic products on your skin, do not need them and can be toxic.
  • Do not use braziers as heating or use them with extreme care: ventilate permanently and turn them off before sleeping.
  • Keep the house well ventilated when using heaters or other gas appliances and periodically check their proper functioning.
  • If gas odor is detected, close the stopcock, seek and repair the loss immediately.
  • Do not smoke in your home.
  • Do not let explosion engines (cars, motorcycles) go on inside your home (garage, enclosed yard).

 

Taking care of your baby from wounds and other injuries

  • Keep out of reach sharp, sharp and sharp objects, glass objects, siphons, mirrors and tools.
  • Keep it away from places where you work with machines or with heavy elements.
  • Keep it away from all types of machinery, motors, fans, lawn mowers.
  • Avoid playing with or touching animals.
  • Keep doors and openings locked or open.
  • Attach the libraries to the wall and ensure the stability of all furniture.
  • Cover or fill holes and wells, correct unevenness.
  • Hold the corks when uncovering sparkling drinks.
  • The angles of the furniture should not be blocking the passage.
  • Do not handle explosive or combustible substances in your home or with your baby nearby.
  • Do not leave firearms within reach or sight of the baby or other children.
  • Avoid poisonous, irritating or prickly plants.
  • Do not leave it, playing or sleeping in the garden or other places exposed to insects, vipers, scorpions and other vermin.
  • Prevent siblings or other children from playing with darts, pointed arrows, shotguns, and slings.
  • Keep hunting traps hidden and unattainable.

* Taken from the Argentine Society of Pediatrics.

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