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Mi manual del bebé es una publicación creada por un destacado equipo de especialistas de la salud. Esta guía te acompañará desde la preconcepción hasta que el niño tenga 36 meses de edad. Contesta las preguntas más frecuentes hechas a los especialistas, que se pueden manejar desde el hogar. Claro que debemos recordar, que no es un substituto de la consulta médica, ya que nada ni nadie puede reemplazar los sabios consejos del especialista. Pero, sí es un complemento practico, que te acompañara en la aventura más maravillosa de tu vida ´Ser padre´.
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The hip is the center of a person’s physical activity and its axis is the hip joint, made up of the acetabulum and the femoral head. The first is an excavation with cup shape and orientation lying down, intended to be a shelter for the upper end of the femur (the femoral head).
In a normal hip, at birth, the acetabular depth only allows half of the femoral head to be covered, but at six months, on an x-ray, we can already see that the whole head is inside the acetabulum. This indicates that the acetabular deepening, outside the uterus, is performed at high speed; minute by minute.
For deepening to occur, it is required that the head comes into contact and collides with the bottom of the cup. And for this it is necessary that the child’s thighs are moderately open and enjoy freedom of movement (physiological position).
But there is the pernicious custom of immobilizing the child’s legs, keeping them together and extended. When joining the knees, the heads must move from the bottoms to the edges of the cups. When losing contact with the bottoms, deepening does not occur and in a hip considered normal at birth, six months later there will be disproportion between the capacity of the crown and the volume of the head, an injury known as dysplasia of hip development.
Your child’s thighs should remain in a physiological, deepening position, every minute of the 24 hours: naked or dressed, asleep or awake. Naked and on a wide surface, your child assumes the physiological position. If a person carries it against his chest, each leg must go to one side; If you load it at the waist, each leg will go to one side. The cars must have the necessary amplitude so that the lower limbs are in proper position.
All children with normal feet, at birth, have the tips deviated in or out and flat feet, because they are narrow and relatively immobile within the uterus, so that muscles and tendons of the feet and ankles lack tone.
To correct this, nature has a corrective mechanism: movement. By stimulating the skin of the plant, the foot is curved and directed the tip forward, while the child flexes the leg. Your baby slides one foot against the other. Upside down, try pushing and moving your body forward by bumping the front of your feet against the mattress. This strengthens the tone of the lower limbs.
Stockings and shoes prevent stimulate the plant, so the foot should remain naked. This will prevent your child from walking or flat or deviated feet, or knees together, problems that are not corrected with boots and orthopedic insoles, as they require the foot to be shoes. To correct them, it is required that your child, barefoot, walk on hard floor, lawn or sand, and ride on a tricycle.
Your child should be kept barefoot until his feet become toned and maintain the internal plantar arch even though they are supporting the weight of the body, which generally happens around age three. In the meantime, you should only wear shoes when you are walking in places where there may be things that hurt you.
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