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The second year of life

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Your child no longer depends so much on you and starts early childhood.

That your baby enjoys good health depends largely on feeding during pregnancy. Find detailed nutrition information that you should carry during this important stage. Children start to grow less quickly. At 12 months, they measure about 75 centimeters and by month 24 they will complete another 12 on average; Its weight will increase from nine or ten kilos to 12 or 13 and the head circumference will increase from 46 to 47 centimeters to 48 or 49, achieving almost the size that will definitely have the head. You should check these with your pediatrician.

The time to start walking usually occurs between 12 and 14 months, but can be extended up to 15 or 16. If at this age your child does not walk or do it at the tips or tips deviated, you should consult your pediatrician. Also if you speak very hard or seem to not listen or do not understand what is said, but also you should avoid guessing what your child wants to say and talk to him with the words that your child uses because it is not stimulated speech and the result is That you do not understand what he says.

Pediatric consultation for control is essential. The information you give your doctor is very important to detect problems. Pediatricians usually ask about how your child talks, understands what you say, how he uses his hands, fingers, legs, and arms; Their behavior, their relationship with other people, the way they learn to do things for themselves and the development of school or preschool skills.

Kids at this age love to play and they do it with everything. They are not very clear in their choices, they have a lot of energy to be active, they possess an explosive temperament and they are not afraid of anything, reason why extreme measures of prevention must be done.

As they already walk and improves their fine and gross motor skills (they can run, jump, kick balls, get on and off the furniture alone, scribble, paint, mold with plasticine, fold paper and build towers with blocks), want autonomy and independence Explore the world and climb everywhere.

At the end of the stage, they learn to control their sphincters, build some simple sentences, follow simple instructions, find hidden objects, begin to classify things according to their shape and color, and practice simulation games (eg, feed a doll). In addition, they have certain fears (to the darkness or to some animals, for example), they become egocentric and mordelones. The latter may be due to various motives (imitation of adult behavior, fright, socializing and making friends) that must be identified by the parents to correct it.

Usually appearing appetite problems, which often do not exist because children are simply more interested in playing and exploring than eating and no longer need as much food because their growth is not as dizzying as before. Your diet should be complete, balanced, sufficient and that does not generate rejection, to remember this should memorize the acronym CESAR (complete, balanced, sufficient, adequate and without rejection). At this age, children crunch, chew and swallow better food.

The immunization program must be followed in doses and times. It is important to be careful with items that can be taken to the mouth and stung or intoxicated.

By the time they reach age three, they should be able to bathe, dress, and eat sitting without the help of an adult, although supervised; Identify their gender, have visited the dentist at least twice and once to the ophthalmologist.

Parenting Guidelines

You may be surprised that your child has behaviors that you do not always like and that seem to defy standards. This is due to the growing autonomy of the children and not to that they are purposely misbehaved.

In this aspect it is advisable to act calmly and look for the way to protect your child without restraining his exploration of the world. Let him play and not frustrate his desire to know and experience. In short, let him be a child.

To say ‘no’ is inconvenient and the best thing is to change the phrase for something positive; Instead of saying “do not suck finger”, better invite him to suck a fruit. Thus, you allow your child to learn by experience and not with a cantaleta, which is as ineffective as correcting it with humiliation or ridiculing it, or promising and not fulfilling it, so be a promise of reprimand.

Have clear rules and good communication, express love, talk to him, take care of him and accompany him, since all this forms the basis of paternal education that will define the future life of your child.

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